March 31, 2023

Australia’s Latest Crypto Bill Explained

Australia’s Latest Crypto Bill Explained
  • New South Wales Senator Andrew Bragg has recently introduced a crypto services regulation bill in the Australian Parliament.
  • Titled the Digital Assets (Market Regulation) Bill 2023, the regulation may introduce a crypto licensing regime.
  • Australia has a considerable crypto market, with more than 25% of the population owning cryptocurrency in the country.

In a noteworthy development for the Australian cryptocurrency landscape, Senator Andrew Bragg, a member of the Australian Liberal Party from New South Wales, has introduced a new bill to the Australian Parliament. This proposed legislation seeks to implement regulations for crypto services in the country, potentially impacting the future of the crypto ecosystem and its users.

If Senator Bragg’s proposals receive approval, a person or business would be required to hold an ASIC or foreign license to operate a crypto exchange. ASIC stands for the Australian Securities and Investment Commission. The same would apply to crypto custody service providers and stablecoin issuers in the country. 

How Popular Cryptocurrencies are Among Australians?

The share of people who own cryptocurrency in Australia is more than 25%, implying that nearly one in four adults in Australia own some cryptocurrency. In line with the nature of the crypto market at large, Bitcoin is the leading currency in the country, and the foremost reason to invest is portfolio diversification. 

Despite the significant presence of cryptocurrencies in Australians' financial strategies, regulatory frameworks surrounding these assets are still in development. The recent release of the 'Token Mapping' consultation paper in February highlights the ongoing efforts to establish fundamental definitions and guidelines for the sector. This paper represents a crucial step toward shaping the future of cryptocurrency regulations in the country as it attempts to set the basic definitions applicable to the sector.

Returning to the bill moved by Senator Bragg, there are more recommendations apart from the licensing regime for service providers.

Digital Assets (Market Regulation) Bill 2023

Senator Bragg insists the Digital Assets (Market Regulation) Bill 2023 seeks to ‘protect consumers and promote investors’, especially in the wake of FTX collapse and the apparent inaction of the Australian Government in bringing regulatory clarity to the sector. 

While setting the pretext for why this bill was necessary, Bragg pointed out the Labour government’s failure in not following through on 12 crypto regulation recommendations introduced by the Senate Select Committee on Australia as a technology and financial center in October 2021.

Relevant Article: EU to Vote on Mica in April

How Does the Proposed Bill Impact the Crypto Users?

As cryptocurrency users in Australia eagerly anticipate the potential impact of the proposed bill, it's essential to understand the implications for the community at large. And to better understand the potential impact of any bill, it’s crucial to look at its upsides as well as the downsides, and that’s exactly what we will do here. 

The Upsides

If passed, the bill would create a robust regulatory framework governing crypto exchanges, custody services, and stablecoin issuers. From a user's perspective, this translates to increased protection and security, as the bill outlines specific obligations and requirements for these entities. 

These requirements, including capital and minimum reserve requirements, customer fund segregation, customer holdings reporting, auditing, assurance, and disclosure arrangements, are designed to foster a trustworthy and transparent crypto environment. Now, let’s look at the negative aspect of the bill.

The Downsides

The potential consequences of this legislation are manifold, as it could affect users' experiences, privacy, and the overall market landscape.

The bill's provisions concerning capital and minimum reserve requirements may result in increased operating costs for crypto exchanges and stablecoin issuers. As these entities grapple with the financial burden of compliance, they could pass the costs onto users in the form of higher transaction fees, reduced rewards, or limited access to services. 

This would ultimately make cryptocurrency transactions less attractive and accessible for users, potentially deterring newcomers and hindering the market growth.

Privacy concerns could also arise due to the bill's customer fund segregation and customer holdings reporting requirements. As crypto service providers are obligated to disclose their clients' holdings to regulators, users may feel that their financial privacy is jeopardized. 

This might undermine one of the main attractions of cryptocurrencies – the promise of pseudonymous, decentralized transactions – and deter users from engaging with these services.

The auditing, assurance, and disclosure arrangements mandated by the bill could negatively impact crypto users by prompting more stringent security measures. While these provisions are intended to protect users and maintain transparency, they might inadvertently result in longer transaction processing times, more complex user interfaces, or the implementation of invasive identity verification processes. Such developments could make the user experience cumbersome and discourage usage in the long run.

However, private members' or private senators' bills, like the one introduced by Senator Bragg, often take months or even years to pass through the Australian Parliament. 

Relevant Article: Hong Kong's Proposed Asset Regulation Sparks Industry Optimism

Final Note

The bill could have both negative and positive ramifications for the industry, striking a balance between consumer protection and innovation. As such, lawmakers must carefully consider the potential implications of this legislation on the burgeoning cryptocurrency sector and its users, ensuring that the regulatory framework fosters growth while safeguarding the interests of all stakeholders involved.